Manual installations of FreePBX is considered an EXPERTS ONLY exercise. This method of installation is enough to get CORE functionality of FreePBX. Non-commercial modules may not function as expected or detailed in the Wiki's. Certain modules and features may require additional software to be installed and configured on the server.
**** COMMERCIAL MODULES CANNOT BE INSTALLED ON THIS OS ****
Initial System Setup
When installing the machine, at package selection make sure you pick - only - 'OpenSSH Server'. This installs the base packages required.
Unlock and configure your root password.
You may find it helpful to log in directly as root to manage and update your system. We recommend you do set a root password, and enable SSH logins from root, so you don't need to go through secondary steps that may cause problems. This command enables SSH root logins, and prompts you for a new root password.
Switch to the Root User
THIS IS IMPORTANT! You must run the entire process as root. Attempting to use 'sudo' later on will not work. Please don't ignore this. You must run this command to switch to an interactive root shell.
Update Your System
Install Required Dependencies
After selecting 'Continue' you will be prompted (several times) for a root password. There is no need to set one, and setting one is discouraged! As part of the FreePBX install, a secure (128 bit) password is generated, and used to lock down MySQL. If you set a password now, it is not possible for the installer to secure your database. Please just push 'enter' when prompted for a password.
After the Reboot
Ensure that you re-run 'sudo -i', or log in as the root user. As mentioned above, the entire install process must be run as 'root', and failure to do so will cause unexpected problems.
Ensure mod_rewrite is enabled in apache
This is used to avoid potential attacks, and needs to be enabled.
Install Legacy pear requirements
Install Dependencies for Google Voice (if required)
You may skip this section if you do not require Google Voice support.
Install and Configure Asterisk
Download Asterisk source files.
Compile and install DAHDI.
If you don't have any physical PSTN hardware attached to this machine, you don't need to install DAHDI (For example, a T1 or E1 card, or a USB device). Most smaller setups will not have DAHDI hardware, and this step can be safely skipped.
Compile and Install jansson
Compile and install Asterisk
You will be prompted at the point to pick which modules to build. Most of them will already be enabled, but if you want to have MP3 support (eg, for Music on Hold), you need to manually turn on 'format_mp3' on the first page.
After selecting 'Save & Exit' you can then continue
Install Asterisk Soundfiles.
The 'make install' above installs a standard low-quality base sound file by default. This is suitable if you are on a small, underpowered system (such as a Rasberry Pi), but on a larger system you should install higher quality soundfiles. Note that this installs the (8khz) 'wav' soundfiles and G722 (High Definition 'Wideband') audio.
Install and Configure FreePBX
Create the Asterisk user and set base file permissions.
A few small modifications to Apache.
Edit /etc/odbcinst.ini and add the following. Note that this command assumes you are installing to a new machine, and that the file is empty. If this is not a freshly installed machine, please manually verify the contents of the file, rather than just copying and pasting the lines below. The 'EOF' does no go in the file, it simply signals to the 'cat' command that you have finished pasting.
You may need to verify these paths, if you're not on a x86_64 machine. You can use the command `find / -name libmyodbc.so` to verify the location
Edit or create /etc/odbc.ini and add the following section. Note that, again, this command assumes you are installing to a new machine, and the file is empty. Please manually verify the contents of the files if this is not the case.
Download and install FreePBX.
You can now start using FreePBX. Open up your web browser and connect to the IP address or hostname of your new FreePBX server. You will see the Admin setup page, which is where you set your 'admin' account password, and configure an email address to receive update notifications.
We hope you enjoy using FreePBX 13!